AI Decision-Making and the Courts: a guide for Judges, Tribunal Members and Court Administrators (2023 update)

Lyria Bennett Moses, Michael Legg, Jake Silove and Monika Zalnieriute; with research assistance from Shahzeb Mahmood.2023



Originally published in 2022 and updated in 2023, this report presents an overview of various AI and decision-making tools and raises the possible challenges and opportunities they present for our courts and tribunals.

Through survey analysis and virtual roundtable discussions with AIJA members, the research team identified the primary interest areas of judges, tribunal members and court administrators, raising important questions which should be asked when using AI.

The report provides different areas where AI can be used as well as how such tools can impact core judicial values of open justice, accountability and equality before the law, procedural fairness, access to justice, and efficiency. It poses questions to be considered by court managers and administers, judges, and tribunal members when contemplating the use of these technologies.

The 2023 version includes updates to multiple sections, reflecting rapidly evolving case law, legislation and policies in this area; and the timely addition of new guidance on emerging technologies such as generative AI (e.g. Google Translate, ChatGPT, Bard, and DALL-E).

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